Our Wicklow Women:

Poor Law Guardian, Rathdrum Councillor: Teresa Dargan 1842-1929

By Catherine Wright

Photo:Early image of Teresa Dargan nee Johnson

Early image of Teresa Dargan nee Johnson

Courtesy of the Dargan family

Born in 1842 to Richard and Mary Johnson of Millmount House, Avoca, Teresa Elizabeth Dargan nee Johnson was the grand niece of Archbishop Daniel Murray of Sheepwalk, Arklow - her family previously owned the mines at Tigroney and Cronebane, Avoca.  Teresa married civil engineer James Dargan at St. Patrick’s Church Avoca in 1866 – James was the nephew of the famous engineer/contractor William Dargan, a name synonymous with the history of the Irish railway.

Photo:Marriage of Teresa Johnson and James Dargan at Avoca Parish, 8th January 1866

Marriage of Teresa Johnson and James Dargan at Avoca Parish, 8th January 1866

(www.irishgenealogy.ie)

Ahead of her time 

A woman ahead of her time, Teresa Dargan was one of the first female poor law guardians (Rathdrum Poor Law Union), and one of the first female rural district councillors – elected to Rathdrum Rural District Council in 1899. 

Photo:Extract of minutes of first meeting of Rathdrum Rural District Council, 25th August 1899

Extract of minutes of first meeting of Rathdrum Rural District Council, 25th August 1899

Wicklow County Archives

First women councillors 

In that year, Teresa Dargan was one of 31 women in Ireland who were elected for the first time to rural district councils and 4 to urban district councils. Under the 1898 Act, women over 30 years, who were householders or who rented a portion of a house, valued at a minimum of £10 per year could vote in local elections and could stand for election. It was not until 1918 that women could vote in national elections.

In the early years, some of the women elected to local authorities were members of Cumann na mBan and were passionate campaigners.  Indeed, the minute books of both authorities reveal Teresa to be an intelligent and diplomatic woman with firm principles, concern for the poor and well respected by her peers.

Photo:Extract from parish priest's speech in the run-up to Teresa's election as Rathdrum councillor

Extract from parish priest's speech in the run-up to Teresa's election as Rathdrum councillor

Wicklow People newspaper, 11th February 1899

 

Arrest of a priest 

In 1889, reports in the local and national press describe how Teresa tried to prevent the arrest of a priest staying at her home in Millmount House, Avoca.  The RIC reportedly had to force entry and arrested the priest for making speeches against a recent eviction.

Photo:Extract from nationalist newspaper Dublin Weekly Nation, 4th May 1889

Extract from nationalist newspaper Dublin Weekly Nation, 4th May 1889

(www.findmypast.ie)

Hair cutting incident

In 1902 two women who went to the dispensary claimed they had their hair cut off by force and threatened to sue the Rathdrum Guardians.  Mrs. Dargan appears to side with the women:

Photo:Extracts from Wicklow People newspaper 5th July 1902

Extracts from Wicklow People newspaper 5th July 1902

(Wicklow County Archives)

 

Teresa resigned from her position as Rathdrum Rural District Councillor in 1911 citing advancing years and uncertain health:

Photo:Extracts from Wicklow People newspaper 18th November 1911 reporting the resignation of Teresa Dargan as Rathdrum Councillor

Extracts from Wicklow People newspaper 18th November 1911 reporting the resignation of Teresa Dargan as Rathdrum Councillor

(www.findmypast.ie)

 

This eminent lady passed away at her home in Millmount House, Avoca in 1929 at the age of 86 years.

 

(With thanks to the Dargan family and the "Youwho?" volunteer project recording the Grand Houses of South County Dublin - see https://www.youwho.ie/dargan.html )

This page was added by Catherine Wright on 20/08/2019.

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